به شبكه اطلاع‌رساني كارفرمايان ايران خوش آمديد!
First issue of the IOE.net for 2010

BI-MONTHLY NEWSLETTER OF THE INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATION OF EMPLOYERS (IOE)

Saturday 9 January 2010

MESSAGE FROM THE PRESIDENT

2010 marks the 90th anniversary of the IOE, a unique family of 148 national employer organisations from 141 countries from all over the world.

If a single theme were to capture the role and achievements of the IOE across its 90-year history, it would be meeting challenges.

Since 1920, the employers of the world, through their global representative organisations, have successfully met the challenges of war, recovery, depression and mass unemployment, and of the fundamental battle of ideologies which played out for much of the last 90 years. Employers have strived to balance the growing recognition of fundamental employment rights with the equally fundamental importance of genuine opportunity, free enterprise and the essential contribution private sector employment makes to all societies.

The IOE successfully globalised, well before the word became fashionable, uniting employers throughout the world, progressively welcoming new members from all regions, and operating across a diverse range of systems and cultures. This embodied the flexibility and realism, tempered with principle and resolve, which have been a hallmark of the organisation. A particular strength of the contemporary IOE is the quality and reach of its regional participation.

In 2010 the principal challenge remains the impact of the global economic and jobs crisis. Enterprises throughout the world continue to face levels of adversity and risk unseen for generations, and struggle to remain viable and maintain employment to the extent possible.

Building on significant successes during 2009, including the adoption of the ILO Global Jobs Pact which incorporates a number of fundamental principles for employers, the challenges of 2010 are equally significant. Through the IOE, the employers of the world will need to resist any retreat to protectionism, and will need to remain a strong voice in favour of governments supporting employers in creating jobs and trading the world out of crisis. Only employers can deliver long-term crisis recovery, and we need all possible support and reform to meet this goal.

2010 will see the IOE, through both its members and staff, participate in significant international forums to address these challenges, including discussions with the expanded G20, major regional and international groupings, and through the auspices of major international organisations such as the ILO.

A concurrent global challenge is the impact of climate change, and of climate change responses on employers and employment. Building on participation in the climate change discussions of recent years, as well as the Copenhagen Business Day which was held on 12th December and ran parallel to the UN Climate Change Conference, the IOE is well placed to strongly represent employer interests in responding to the next stage of climate change policy.

Another challenge which unites the contemporary IOE with its forebears is the critical importance of maintaining a highly effective world class organisation. A process of organisational renewal, commenced in 2009, will be progressed in 2010 to ensure the IOE is best equipped to remain the most effective possible voice of employers on the world stage.

We, as IOE office bearers, representatives, members and staff, should approach the fresh challenges of 2010 confident in the strength of our organisation and all those who participate in the global employer network, the continued relevance of the IOE’s role and contribution to societies throughout the world, and with due reflection on the achievements of those who came before us.

I wish you all good health, happiness and prosperity in 2010, and look forward to working with all in the IOE family during 2010 in meeting the challenges of our times and adding our chapter to the IOE’s long and proud history.

Wiseman NKUHLU

President

IOE ACTIVITIES

SPECIAL MEETINGS

Meeting of Ibero-American Employers’ Organization Presidents

Held in Lisbon from 22 to 24 November, this meeting discussed the role of the business community and the new political reality in Latin America, the critical situation of the private sector in the region and employers’ organization responses to the crisis, and concluded with the adoption of the Lisbon Declaration on Private Enterprises and Economic Crisis which highlights the fundamental role of private enterprises in achieving sustainable growth in Ibero-America as well as a number of key measures for crisis recovery. The Declaration was submitted to the Heads of State who met directly after the employers’ meeting.

Also, to best promote and defend the values and principles of private enterprises before governments, trade unions and society at large, a regional agreement on employers’ organization communication was adopted. In a follow-up mechanism jointly coordinated by the IOE and the ILO’s ACT/EMP, a regional communication programme will be adopted in June 2010. (Maria Paz Anzorreguy)

Meeting of Ibero-American Social Partners

Under the leadership of the IOE, Ibero-American Employer Organizations met their Trade Union partners in a two-day meeting organized by the Ibero-American General Secretariat (SEGIB) to discuss issues related to Social Protection, Employment Creation and Collective Bargaining. A rich debate was followed by the adoption of a Joint Declaration which highlights the relevance of the Global Job Pact as a roadmap for crisis recovery and the fact that the Pact is the result of broad global social dialogue. The Declaration was subsequently submitted to the meeting of Heads of State. (Maria Paz Anzorreguy)

International labour migration : The Role of Employers’ Organizations

(Alger, 6 - 9 December 2009)

International labour migration poses serious challenges to countries in West and North Africa with increased movement of young people across borders in search of employment opportunities. A number of countries have also become transit countries as migrants seek opportunities to move to Europe. Migrant workers have not been spared by the financial and economic crisis and a number have returned from Dubai and western Europe. In order to address these challenges, the IOE in collaboration with the ILO and the General Confederation of Algerian Enterprises, convened a sub-regional meeting bringing together employer representatives to discuss, among other issues, how to create more opportunities for young people in their countries of origin, how to benefit from the experience and expertise of migrants and how to build the capacity of employers’ organizations so that they can contribute to their government’s migration policies and practices.

The Government of Algeria presented measures taken to expand job opportunities for young people graduating from universities and training colleges in order to reduce emigration:

· Promotion of entrepreneurship development

· Skills development and employability

· Adapting training and education to the needs of the job market

· Building the capacity of labour market institutions

· Promoting investments in job rich sectors

· Promotion of youth employment programmes

· Support to SME development

Participants requested that youth employment programmes in the sub-region be documented and best practices shared, and called for “brain circulation” programmes to enable enterprises to tap into the experience and expertise of migrants.

(Frederick Muia)

Adriatic Employers discuss economic issues and SMEs

With the support of the IOE, the Adriatic Region Employers’ Centre (AREC), of which the Association of Employers of Slovenia (ZDS) is a recent member, organized a workshop on 10/11 December to consider economic issues and SME development. AREC members discussed ways to improve the business environment for SMEs with representatives from the IFC Office in Belgrade and from the ILO Office in Budapest.

At the initiative of the IOE, the IFC had previously established direct contact with some IOE members in the region through training programmes. In addition, participants also discussed the challenges faced by SMEs in the fight against corruption – a major priority for business in the region. Presentations were made by the IOE on the guide prepared by the Secretariat and by Transparency International (TI) which introduced its Business Principles for SMEs. (http://www.transparency.org/global_...). TI and the IOE are discussing further activities in the region and elsewhere to promote good governance and increase business awareness of the need to fight corruption.

(Eric Oechslin)

Global Child Labour Conference in the Netherlands

The Dutch Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment is organizing a Global Conference on Child Labour on 10 and 11 May 2010 in close collaboration with the ILO for its tripartite constituents and a broad range of other relevant actors. The main objective of the Conference is to deliver a commitment to take immediate and effective measures to meet the challenge to eliminate the worst forms of child labour by 2016. To this end, a roadmap with concrete steps to achieve the goal would be adopted by the Global Conference. A Consultative Group has been set up to work on the direction and content of the roadmap. The IOE attended the first meeting of the Consultative Group which was held on 17 November 2009. The IOE shall nominate the 35 business representatives at this Conference. The next meeting will be held in Geneva in March 2010. (Maud Megevand)

IOE African Members lead support to the Global Jobs Pact

On the occasion of the second African Social Partners Forum and the first Decent Work symposium held back-to-back in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso on 30 November - 2 December 2009, IOE members led strong regional support to the implementation of the Global Jobs Pact in Africa, noting that the global economic crisis had now spread to the continent through decreased export earnings, falling commodity prices, decreased remittances and fewer tourists. Moreover many countries were witnessing a decrease in Foreign Direct Investment and Overseas Development Assistance (ODA). The fall in export tax revenues was squeezing government budgets and threatening spending on basics such as health and education. With growth falling and recovery prospects fragile, jobs pick-up was likely to lag behind output, with youth and women the worst hit by the crisis.

The crisis has interrupted the recent improved economic growth performance of African countries which averaged more than 5% per annum over the previous five years. Employers supported the Global Jobs Pact as it promotes the need to create and sustain enterprises as the way to achieve productive employment, and also schemes to help firms get through the crisis. The focus on skills and education was particularly important for improving employment prospects and promoting future growth and productivity.

Important highlights of employer proposals that were read to the Heads of State who attended the symposium included the need to:

· promote regional economic integration

· support SME development through access to affordable credit

· promote an enabling business environment through implementing proposals in the World Bank Doing Business Reports

· promote tripartism and social dialogue

· provide support to African youth through skills development and entrepreneurship

· promote fundamental principles and rights at work

(Frederick Muia)

Human Rights and the Defence of Private Enterprises

The IOE is working in close collaboration with the OHCHR to identify the human rights bodies and mechanisms that can be best used to defend business interests and present abuses and violations of employers’ human rights. The IOE will subsequently implement appropriate action to promote and defend a better and safer environment for private sector development internationally. (Maud Megevand)

GLOBAL INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS

Trends in Global Industrial Relations

In a series of seminars designed to enhance understanding amongst the United States Council for International Business (USCIB) members of significant trends likely to impact enterprises’ interests in the future, the IOE recently updated a number of multinationals on global industrial relations issues, focussing on the development and increasing incidence of International Framework Agreements by Global Union Federations and work in the area of Business and Human Rights. The GIRN network continues to develop, with the first meeting of 2010 taking place in Brussels in April. (Brent Wilton)

CORPORATE SOCIAL REPONSIBILITY

CSR Regulation Trends around the World

The IOE continues to monitor and report on CSR developments and has learned that Mauritius recently adopted legislation requiring 2% of after-tax profit to be channelled into approved community development activities; Indonesia is currently developing regulations to support a law requiring companies whose operations rely on natural resources to implement CSR and environmental protection programmes, and in Nigeria consideration is being given to requiring companies to contribute a portion of profit as a CSR contribution to infrastructure development. Within the European Commission work is ongoing with regard to CSR reporting and transparencies.

Pressure on business by governments targeting CSR as a mechanism to provide funding for social and infrastructure programmes is likely to increase in the face of the recovery from the crisis. Members need to be vigilant and to ensure a strong voice in debates about the responsibilities of business. Members are reminded of the IOE papers on both CSR and the Role of Business in Society. (Brent Wilton)

THE GLOBAL OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH NETWORK 2009 (GOSH.net)

Following the successful second meeting hosted by Endesa in October in Madrid, a third meeting of the network will be held in London on 25 and 26 February 2010 hosted by BAE Systems plc. The agenda will cover the public reporting of OSH performance in CSR reports, the occupational safety and health implications of climate change and the global union priorities in OSH.

The following employers guides have been published on the IOE website (under OSH section):

· IOE Helping Employers: Manage vehicle and driver safety

· IOE Helping Employers: Emergency preparedness, business continuity and pandemics

(Janet Asherson)

OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH (OSH)

IOE work on emergency preparedness, business continuity and pandemics provided a considerable input to the ILO Technical Workshop on Business Continuity Planning held in October and to the continuing work of the ILO Task Force on Influenza and Pandemic Preparedness. The workplace is an effective entry point for information and practical advice on prevention and preparedness in the face of the pandemic.

IOE members, as well as members of the IOE GOSH, have provided invaluable assistance in making guidance on OSH more relevant and practical to enterprises. The IOE supported experts at ILO tripartite meetings in October and November:

· to revise the ILO list of occupational diseases that will harmonise global requirements for reporting work-related ill-health and provide a template for identifying future risks.

· to draft the Code of Practice on safety and health in agriculture to be a practical, reader-friendly text, which should complement Convention No. 184 on safety and health in agriculture. Further work will be required in 2010 to refine the draft suitable for adoption.

The IOE provided the employers’ perspective for two sessions at the annual occupational safety and health conference in Düsseldorf at:

· the round table discussion on employer action to manage OSH during this time of crisis

· the IALI/ILO workshop on employers’ organisations input to integrate labour inspection and OSH Strategies into the ILO Decent Work Country Programmes

See http://www.ilosafetyconference2009.... and https://webdev.ilo.org/labadmin/wha...

ENVIRONMENT AND CLIMATE CHANGE

ENVIRONMENT AND CLIMATE CHANGE

Janet Asherson delivered the IOE message to the Copenhagen climate change summit at the business day held on 11 and 12 December 2009 and organised by the Confederation of Danish Employers.

See the IOE Note: What next after Copenhagen?

The IOE represented employers’ views at a meeting held in Geneva in November to progress the work of the ILO/UNEP/World Bank to provide an analysis of the likely employment impact of climate change at sectoral level. The Global Green New Deal was launched in March 2009 in New York and the sectoral report following this will be published in 2010. (Janet Asherson)

The ILO’s Bureau for Employers’ Activities (ACT/EMP) has prepared information to help employers’ organizations and their members to understand and actively participate in the on-going Copenhagen climate change process. The key objective of this ACT/EMP site is to help employers’ organizations and their members to increase their capacity to play a proactive and effective role in support of the design, development and implementation of policies and programmes aimed at achieving both climate change mitigation and adaptation objectives in the most economically and socially sustainable manner.

See here

THE ILO

Francis Blanchard, Former ILO Director-General, passed away on 9 december, 2009

Francis Blanchard, ILO Director-General from 1974 to 1989, died on 9 December 2009 at the age of 93. He served the ILO for 38 years, but he will be particularly remembered for his constructive and effective role during the last phase of the Cold War, placing the ILO in the forefront in the defence of freedom and democracy. He was also deeply committed to the development of appropriate international labour standards throughout the world.

Francis Blanchard directed the ILO with wisdom and strong leadership during East-West confrontation and his efforts in bringing international recognition and support to Solidarnosc continue to be recognised, as does his fundamental role in providing legitimacy to their cause.

In times of restricted freedom, with ILO fundamental principles as his guiding reference, Francis Blanchard never hesitated in lending his support to Employers’ Organisations and Trade Unions alike whenever they were under attack. The IOE especially owes him deep gratitude as he generously gave his personal, as well as the ILO’s, backing to the employers of Nicaragua when the communist Sandinista régime destabilized Central America during the 1980s.

Arab Employment Forum – Beirut

With the support of the IOE, Member federations in the Arab region participated in the ILO/ALO Arab Employment Forum in Beirut in the last quarter of 2009. This was one of the first regional considerations of the implementation of the Global Jobs Pact after its adoption in June. The forum conclusions reflect strong regional input from the participants as well as a number of particular employment priorities for the region. (Scott Barklamb)

High-Level Tripartite Meeting on Collective Bargaining

On 20 November 2009, 12 employer, worker and government representatives participated in an ILO High-Level Tripartite Meeting on Collective Bargaining. Facilitated by Professor Tom Kochan of MIT, the meeting heard presentations from major enterprises in the auto and health care industries, research on crisis responses and collective bargaining, and an update on legislative developments from various countries. The IOE anticipates further discussion on this meeting at the next ILO Governing Body session in March 2010. (Scott Barklamb)

ILO World of Work Report

On 7 December 2009, the ILO, through the International Institute for Labour Studies (IILS) released its World of Work Report 2009, which focuses on “The Global Jobs Crisis and beyond”. This is a detailed study of the Global Financial Crisis and its continuing impact, and the effectiveness of crisis remediation measures. The report addresses the jobs crisis, making finance work for the real economy, labour provisions in international trade arrangements, and the jobs implications of climate change policies. (Scott Barklamb)

ILO Global Wages Report – 2009 Update

In the lead up to the November 2009 Governing Body meeting, the ILO issued its 2009 Update to the Global Wages Report. Employers, through their ESP Committee spokesperson Ms Ronnie Goldberg of the USCIB, expressed concern with the technical foundations for the data and its analysis and in particular with the purported policy lessons said to flow from this information. The Office has been requested to remediate these concerns and work more closely with employers prior to publishing future information on wages, including the next full Global Wages Report for 2010. (Scott Barklamb)

ILO Workshop in Japan on the Automotive Industry

High-level tripartite delegations from eight Asian countries met in Tokyo from 7 to 9 December to discuss the impact of the global economic crisis on the automotive industry in the Asia-Pacific.

Initially part of an action programme planned before the crisis, the workshop was adapted to better respond to the crisis, take stock of the industry in the region and complement the global study of the impact of the crisis undertaken by the ILO.

The participating countries, representing both vehicle and parts manufacturing sectors from Japan, Republic of Korea, India, Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, Australia and The Philippines, account for eight of the 52 million cars produced worldwide annually. In all of these countries, the automotive industry is a corner stone of industrial production and employment and, in some, government policies promote this sector of the economy.

While an earlier ILO report had estimated that over 1.5 million of approximately 8.4 million light vehicle production jobs were at risk globally, long-term global demand is likely to sustain automotive employment growth in the region. Additionally, the rapid growth of new owners of motor vehicles in the region, and the potential impact on the environment, increases the need for more investment in research and development into more fuel-efficient vehicles. (Jean Dejardin)

WORKING WITH THE UN AND OTHER INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

G20 Request Employer input into Global Training Strategy

At the G20 Pittsburgh summit last September, leaders invited the ILO to draft a global training strategy as a key element of the global response to the financial and jobs crisis. The IOE has initiated an internal project to inform the Office of employer expectations of such a strategy, and to inject employer views on skills and training policy into any global training strategy in conjunction with BIAC whose ELSA committee includes a number of IOE member organisations. (Eric Oechslin)

G20 Labour Ministers Meeting

Labour Ministers from G20 countries are to meet in Washington in April 2010 (dates to be confirmed). The ministerial meetings pave the way for leaders meetings during mid- and late 2010. The IOE is working closely with BIAC and members in preparation for the meeting, including drafting a joint IOE/BIAC statement, a practice which commenced with the previous G8 meetings. (Scott Barklamb)

Revised Guidelines for Cooperation between the UN and Business

The UN Secretary-General has issued revised “Guidelines on Cooperation between the United Nations and the Business Sector” (20 November, New York) in response to Member State requests for greater emphasis on impact assessment, transparency, accountability and sustainability of business partnerships. Chaired by the Deputy Secretary-General, the revision involved senior staff from over 30 UN Agencies, Funds and Programmes with experience of collaborating with business. More.

The UN Secretary-General’s report on “Enhanced cooperation between the United Nations and all relevant partners, in particular the private sector” (A/64/337) was presented to the General Assembly’s Second Committee (5 November, New York) and highlights the need for sustainable business practices and broader UN-private sector engagement in light of global challenges. The presentation of the report was followed by statements from representatives of several Member States and is expected to result in a General Assembly resolution that provides further support for the Global Compact’s mandate. More. Download Report.

Partnership in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

Under the leadership of the European Commission the IOE was an active partner in the launch of the Eastern Partnership Civil Society Forum last November in Brussels. This forum provides a framework for future activities for civil society, including social partners, in EU neighbour countries. The IOE insisted on acknowledgement of a better role for social partners to strengthen social dialogue in these countries.

An IOE delegation also represented the business views at the UN Ministerial Conference on the social impact of the crisis in Eastern Europe, Central Asia and in Turkey held in Almaty (Kazakhstan) on 7/8 December.

See here

This meeting was a positive example of UN reform as many members of the UN family (ILO, UNDP, UNICEF, FAO, etc.) were present, as well as international financial institutions (IMF, WB, EBRD, etc.), to listen to ministers and social partners’ contributions on employment, social protection and on food security. We can expect that DWCPs, UNDAF and follow-up activities will take into account the social partners’ contributions. This was also the IOE’s first official visit to Central Asia where it will be supporting ACT/EMP more in its efforts to assist recently-established new business structures. (Eric Oechslin)

CEATAL priorities for 2010-2011

The Organization of American States (OAS) Inter-American Conference of Ministers of Labour (IAMCL) 2009 Planning Meeting 2009 was held in Washington, DC on December 10 and 11. The main objective was to determine the IACML Calendar of Activities for 2010-2011. CEATAL was represented at the meeting by Brian Burkett (Canadian Employers’ Council) and Maria Paz Anzorreguy (CEATAL Coordinator/IOE Senior Adviser).

Thanks to members’ input, the following six CEATAL priorities were agreed for 2010-2011:

Sustainable Enterprise: support for micro, small, and medium-sized enterprises sustainability, and other production units; the labour dimension of globalization, regional integration processes and free trade agreements; strategies to maintain employment developed by governments, workers and employers to mitigate the effects of the economic crisis; Youth Employment strategies and initiatives; Labour informality and unregistered work; Development, enforcement and promotion of labour laws. CEATAL also requested that the issues of Sustainable Enterprises and Social Dialogue be cross-cutting in all the activities.

CEATAL priorities were well received by other participants who highlighted the fundamental role Sustainable Enterprises play in crisis recovery. In this regard, Working Group 1, composed of representatives of Ministers of Labour from the United States, Brazil and Guyana, committed to include the issue of Sustainable Enterprise within their subjects for analysis.

(Maria Paz Anzorreguy)

The World Health Organization

The IOE presented at two WHO meetings in Geneva in October on employers’ perspectives on, and requirements of, the WHO which include:

· A global network for the Plan of Action on Workers’ Health

· An initiative to provide information for enterprises on healthy workplaces

See http://www.who.int/occupational_hea...

(Janet Asherson)

CALENDAR OF FORTHCOMING MAJOR MEETINGS

15 – 19 February 2010

Tripartite Meeting of Experts to Adopt Port State Control Guidelines for Implementation of the Work in Fishing Convention, 2007 (No. 188) (Geneva)

19 – 20 March 2010

IOE Management Board (Geneva)

11 – 26 March 2010 307th Session of the ILO Governing Body and its committees (Geneva)

25 – 26 February 2010 GOSH.net Meeting, hosted by BAE Systems plc (London)

9 – 10 April 2010

African Employers Conference on the G20 Summit (Johannesburg)

22 – 23 April 2010

GIRN Meeting, (Brussels)

1 June 2010

IOE General Council (Geneva)

2 – 18 June 2010

99th Session of the International Labour Conference (Geneva)

18 June 2010

308th Session of the ILO Governing Body (Geneva)

INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATION OF EMPLOYERS (IOE) www.ioe-emp.org


Home page | Contact | Site Map | | Site statistics | Visitors : 851 / 427066

Follow-up of the site's activity en  Follow-up of the site's activity English Section  Follow-up of the site's activity IOE Documents   ?    |    Syndicated sites OPML   ?

Site created with SPIP 2.1.12 + AHUNTSIC

Creative Commons License